City Hall Was to Lead Reducing Congestion

I write the following article not simply because I am interested in the subject but because it is a topic that needs to be widely discussed and debated. Transport planning is a concern that is universal and that all the administrative machinery of government should be involved in, helping solve the matter once-and-for-all. With this article, I have decided to focus on the essential urban issues.

The basic factor to be raised in this article is that City Hall functions to provide essential services like constructing the infrastructure mechanism needed by citizens to function fully. Because of this, it falls in the hands of the bureaucrats and elected officials of City Hall to help solve its shortcomings. There is a widespread assumption that most important and demanding jobs are awarded, not to experts, but to those that are partisan and affiliated to the ruling party. This mechanism extends to those in the public service, especially as expansion and the responsibilities of government grow.

Experts should be stationed in mega projects that indirectly or directly affect the livelihoods of millions of people as delayed projects; constructions contribute to the quality of our lives.

The coordination of projects among agencies, to avoid delays, is good practice as it avoids delays and not affects our movements in Addis Abeba. For instance, the civil engineering arms of the telecommunications office, the Water and Sewerage Authority, Electric Light and Power all work together in performing their activities in Addis Abeba. At a working-committee, chaired by Eng. Gabre Mariam, at City Hall, the agenda of each of the department is updated their activities and where constructions are expected to occur.

Professor Nicholas Low of the University of Melbourne once reflected how the construction of urban roads should consist of factors such as climate and environmental feasibility report. The capital is vulnerable to heavy rain and because of the geographical setting. Those studies will likely help us lessen the effects of a natural disaster. Analysis of the likely rain fall and the amount of surface water flow should be assessed carefully when designing the width and depth of the water ducts on both sides of the roads without neglecting the surface area of the road itself.

Bad planning affects the infrastructure of the city.

Professor J. Dodson’s book on Urban Policy Planning helps explain the sustainability of our new transport planning. He explains the view that projects that center on the widening or expansion of roads or buildings might not last as they are intended to unless the climatic condition of their society is analyzed properly. Traffic congestion, the role of public transportation, and the possible of avoidable accidents should also be in the mix.

Time and resources and the impacts are cumulative. A passenger arriving on time is also able to save the valuable time of those who depend on public service. Bus drivers who do not care much about lost times, often arrive or depart on time because they feel sympathy for late comers without being made aware of the problem they are creating for the whole urban mobility problem that will happen and the problem it will cause on others.

The first duty of City Hall, therefore, is to work out a routing plan. This routing plan has to be based on the frequency of shuttling in every direction and the volume of traffic that corresponds to the directions considered in a given time.

Let us imagine taking an aerial photo of the capital from a helicopter at any time of the 24 hours in a day. We will discover that all the actors involved move in all the different directions and at all level of volume. That means that if there are pedestrians walking along the side roads north-south or east-west at, say, 8 o’clock in the morning, the volume of traffic could be different an hour later or vice-versa.

Public transport officials should work out sustainable routing plans to come up with the best efficient coordination matrix that shows which route would be most economical in terms of economizing time and hence cost.

The first point to take should be to number or at least name roads and junctions for all intent and purposes. In case a traffic jam may be crated somewhere for any particular reason, the traffic controller can inform drivers about the logjam and advise them to take an alternative route to avoid congestion. Routing is also an important factor in the field of telecommunications and giving telephone numbers to take less burdened lines and circuits.

Timing of mobility is basic. It should be recognized that in collaboration with taxi drivers, transport companies as well as pedestrian passengers and students, City Hall, can best identify traffic originating spots and destinations at different times of the day. Churches, market places, hospitals, stadiums and wherever large people are to gather, is where more research is needed to solve congestion. Public transportation is a great solution to lessen the demands placed on roads. Experts can also look at dividing the city into big square tables and provide the city transport services better alternative routes and short cuts in order to explore traffic blockage.

By Girma Feyissa

Published on Nov 01,2016 [ Vol 17 ,No 861]



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