Photography Profession Clicks with Camera Market Downturn

Even though the history of photography in Ethiopia is not clearly registered, Menelik II was the first in the country to have his picture taken by a Greek photographer. The photography business has been growing since then. Yet, people have still a blurred view of the business. A photographer is considered no more than a person who takes pictures. But there is much more to the profession, writes BERHANE HAILEMARIAM, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Directive Animates Informal Trade, Relegates Formal Market

Long queues, bags turned upside down in search of any taxable item, and other customs ordeals have become history at Bole International Airport. A new directive exempts items brought in for personal use from duties. But only a few rightly use this privilege. Loopholes in the Directive have given way to informal businesses shelving the formal electronics and clothing retailers, writes HAIMANOT ASHENAFI, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Irony of New Forex Law

As the government continues its efforts to squeeze the trade deficit, a new law limiting the forex available to importers is now in effect. Like all the other countermeasures post the devaluation, it has come as a blow to importers. Some claim it would only backfire and fuel the parallel market, while banks seem hopeful, writes SAMSON BERHANE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Uncertainty Prevails Over Rebar Market

It took a day for the price of re-bar to show a spike by more than a third of its value following the devaluation of the Birr by 15pc against a basket of major currencies, coinciding with the rise of scrap metal. Allegations of hoarding by retailers were next to follow, where the Trade Practises & Consumer Protection Agency temporarily shut down 21 businesses. And given that imports of re-bar are complicated with the shortage of hard currency, the market is now suffering from a scarcity of rebar, reports SAMSON BERHANE & YIBELTAL GEBREGZIABHER, FORTUNE STAFF WRITERS.

The Economy at a crossroads

The economy has been expanding for over a decade. Real GDP grew by eight folds since 2008, reaching 827.6 billion Br in last fiscal year. Such an achievement though seems uncanny in an economy characterised by high unemployment rate, massive external debt, widening trade deficit and lack of access to finance, coupled with severe forex shortage. Exacerbating these are shortage of cash and double-digit inflation after devaluation. Nonetheless, analysts, World Bank and the IMF forecast a positive growth prospect, writes FASIKA TADESSE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Christmas Shopping: Consumers’ Boon, Retailers’ Bane

As holidays approach, members of the family become eager handing out wish lists of presents and more importantly traditional Ethiopian delicacies they wish to be prepared by the homemaker. Granted holidays bring joy and happiness, but shopping during such festivals is never easy on the pockets. This year, to the surprise of many, the market was reasonably stable with only slight price increments, despite the high food inflation rate. For consumers it is indeed a reason to rejoice, but retailers have mixed feelings about it, writes SAMSON BERHANE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Surviving Harsh Reality of Displacement

Ethiopia hosts the fifth largest refugee population in the world. For a developing country, recurrent droughts and conflicts put a massive economic strain. But more worrying is the internal displacement of people caused by inter-regional disputes; the nation’s capacity is bursting at the seams. What started as a dispute among few individuals took a turn for the worst forcing people to flee their hometown and seek refuge in camps. SAMSON BERHANE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER, delves into the lives of the internally displaced people.

Public Universities in the Grip of Turmoil

Ethiopia’s universities host over half a million students from different regions across the country. And when inter-regional conflicts, like the one along the Oromia and Somali borders, erupt, these universities are not spared from its effect. Of particular concern was the recent outbreak in Adama Science & Technology University where a row between students of different factions intensified and spread like wildfire to other universities in the country. The government’s failure to contain these riots has raised questions whether stability can sustain, writes SAMSON BERHANE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Private Banks Rejoice, Uncertain Future Awaits

This past year, the banking industry has seen itself fettered in the vortex of obstacles from the forex crunch to the political unrests engulfing the country. The crisis, though, did not hold the banks back from breaking the shackles and coming out looking good. They have registered a record high growth rate in six years coupled with accelerated branch expansions. SAMSON BERHANE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER, gives an insight into the private banking sector which is gearing up for a fuzzy future with the government’s latest regulations.

Water Crisis, No End in Sight

Access to safe, potable water has lately become a luxury in the capital. It is obvious that residents would be irked when subjected to frequent and tenacious interruptions in supply only to then find dirty water flowing through their taps. The chronic shortage has now festered and spread to businesses pushing them to the point of shutting down. The city administration, notorious for its failure to address issues like transportation and sewage, puts “rationing” as the short-term solution, reports SAMSON BERHANE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Chain Hotels Chaining in Ethiopia

Gone are the days when tourists and businessmen were limited to a choice of only three international franchise hotels in the country. In a bid to boost their customer base, thriving international franchises are now eyeing the untapped hotel industry in Ethiopia for expansion opportunities with 30 new franchise hotels in the pipeline over the next five years. Local developers are collaborating with these foreign companies, but if the sector is to prosper, many underlying issues need to be attended to, reports FASIKA TADESSE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Commuters Bemoan Inept Train Service

Rural-urban migration has strained Addis Abeba for long. From unemployment to lack of basic facilities, urbanisation brings with it many problems; yet, one that surfaces time and again stirring public discontent is inadequate transportation. The launching of the Light Rail Transit brought a glimmer of hope with it. Albeit, this relief was shortlived. Stuffed to the brim, boarding these trains has now become a matter of luck. The addition of more vehicles for public transport only aggravates the existing traffic menace the capital is struggling with, reports SAMSON BERHANE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Lease Prices Balloon, New Tight Law Approaches

Recent land lease auctions saw skyrocketing offers for just a square metre of land, indicating that it is indeed becoming a rare commodity in the capital. The City Administration earns in millions during these auctions, yet no effective system has been in place to govern land transfers and construction permits. It is all about to change as the Prime Minister’s Office has implemented a new system- Deliverology- with a plethora of regulations under it to take over the reins, reports FASIKA TADESSE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Blotted with Garbage

Addis Abeba’s streets and neighbourhoods have, yet again, been invaded by heaps of rubbish, trash bins filled to the brim, and the grisly, lingering stench emanating from them. Passers-by hold their breaths and those responsible for managing the city’s waste try to camouflage their culpability behind corruption controversies sweeping the nation. The municipality expends millions to keep the city clean. Hence, there must be other underlying problems causing the mess. SAMSON BERHANE and YIBELTAL GEBREGZABHER, FORTUNE STAFF WRITERS, probe further into the matter.

Credit Cap Puts Businesses, Banks in Limbo

The recent devaluation has brought with it complimentary reforms to restrain its repercussions. A new law imposed on the banking industry to limit the amount of credit extended to a debtor caught the eye of many. Loan Dependent small scale industries are feeling the burn the most, while the banks are also baffled with central bank’s reform. For some, more problems are on the cards but others can see the light at the end of the tunnel, reports SAMSON BERHANE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER.

Controversial Labour Bill Stirs Up Public Discontent

A recent overhaul in the nation’s labour proclamation faces disapproval from the labour unions and workforce. While the amendment aims to provide a framework to equally benefit both the employers and employees, the Union, representing over half a million labourers across the country, claims it undermines their rights. Putting forward a slew of points it disagrees with in the new reform, the Union plans to demonstrate against the changes peacefully and will resort to a nationwide strike if their trepidations are not heeded to, reports SAMSON BERHANE, FORTUNE STAFF WRITER


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